In 1782, King Rama I was crowned as the first monarch of the Chakri dynasty. Having moved his capital from Thonburi to Bangkok in Thailand, he ordered the ceremony to raise the traditional City Pillar on Sunday, April 21, 1782 at 6:45 am.
The City Pillar (Lak Muang Shrine): Made from laburnum wood and decorated with heartwood, it is a decreed 108 inches above ground and another 79 inches buried in the soil. The top of the pillar is decorated in shellac and gold leaf and has a pointed tip. Inside is the birth certificate of the city.
When King Rama IV came to the throne, he saw that the Pillar was deteriorating and had it rebuilt. As an expert in astrology himself, he improved the city’s fortunes by holding a ceremony to inscribe the city’s birth certificate on a gold bar of one baht in weight at the Temple of the Emerald Buddha. The shrine was rebuilt as the top of a prang, as at a pavilion in Ayutthaya, and great festivities were arranged when the city’s birth certificate was placed in the City Pillar.
Maha Chai Road Phra Borommaharatchawang Sub-District Phra Nakhon District Bangkok 10200